Putin pledges $1.5 billion for completion of Vostochny Cosmodrome, OKs plans for creating super-heavy rockets
Fifty billion roubles ($1.5 billion) will be invested in the construction of the Vostochny space site in the Amur Region in 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin told an on-site conference devoted to the space port’s development prospects. “We are investing huge funds into its construction.
Since 2011 more than 100 billion roubles has been spent for the purpose and another 50 billion roubles are to be disbursed next year,” he said. Putin also stressed that next year Vostochny should be ready to launch any unmanned spacecraft with the medium class rocket Soyuz-2 and to join manned space programs in 2018. He added that in the longer term the space spot’s capabilities would be built up for launching heavy and super-heavy rockets and for exploring the Moon, Mars and other celestial bodies.
Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin acknowledged that Russia’s space agency Roscosmos’ plans to begin the work on a super-heavy rocket were voiced at the presidential level for the first time. He said that on all previous occasions there were mostly informal conversations and discussions. “In principle, one can say today that Putin gave a go-ahead to the beginning of this work,” Rogozin said.
The construction of Vostochny is taking place in stages. The first stage — land surveying — was completed in 2010, while phase two — the construction of launch pads for the Soyuz-2 and Angara rockets — is nearing completion. The final construction stage, which focuses on launch facilities for a super-heavy booster rocket, is to take place between 2016 and 2018.
But Putin said the project is 30 to 55 days behind schedule, and warned that the cosmodrome must be ready to facilitate its first launches next year. Moreover, the 6,000-strong workforce needs to be doubled, he said.
“I would like to stress that at this point construction work at the launch pad and technical support facilities is lagging behind 30 to 55 days,” Putin said. He called for paying “due attention to that.”
Putin called for strict compliance with all deadlines and construction phases.
“It is essential to rule out any delays and disruptions in its financing. Also, financing must remain under strict control. There should be no groundless overspending,” he said.
To ensure that there are no additional delays, Putin on Tuesday gave Rogozin direct control over the construction project, taking over from Oleg Ostapenko, head of the Roscosmos.
Ostapenko replaced Vladimir Popovkin as Roscosmos’ chief last year, partly due to delays at the launch center.
Roscosmos chief said that the number of launch pads for the heavy space rocket Angara may be reduced from the original four to two and the funds saved in that way invested in creating a new super-heavy rocket.
He addressed this proposal to President Vladimir Putin while inspecting the Vostochny construction site.
“We are building two launch pads for Angara here and another two in Plesetsk. I believe that four launch pads for the heavy rocket are not very rational. Two launch pads will be enough – one in Plesetsk and another here,” Ostapenko said.
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