Angara test launch scrubbed – update
The scheduled first test flight of Russia’s Angara launch vehicle was scrubbed on Friday at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia’s Archanlsk region. According to Russian officials the launch was automatically aborted due to “technical issues”. According to Aleksandr Golovko, commander of Russia’s aerospace defense troops, the launch has been rescheduled for Saturday, 3:15 pm Moscow time.
“During the launch preparation an automated system has given a red light for carrying out the launch. The launch has been postponed to thereserve date of June 28,” Golovko said.
The planned sub-orbital test was was designated Angara-1.2 ML (ML stands for ” Maiden Launch”. The Angara rocket is named for a Siberian river. Angara has been under development since the mid- 1990’s and is the first new Russian launch system since the breakup of the Soviet Union. The Angara-1.2 is the prototype for a family of modular launch vehicles based on a common Universal Rocket Module (URM). Liquid rocket boosters are then added to the first stage. Depending on the configuration, an Angara could have 1,3,5 or 7 such modules.
Each URM will have one single-chamber RD-191 engine which uses liquid oxygen and RP-1, a highly refined form of kerosene, as fuel. RP-1 is considered to be safer and less toxic than the hydrazine-based fuel used by Russia’s Proton rockets.
In addition to environmental concerns, there are also political and economic rationals for the development of the Angara family of launch vehicles. By launching Angara rockets from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia hope to lessen its dependance on the aging Baikonur Cosmodrome in northern Kazakhstan. The Angara rocket also lessens dependence on foreign components, most of which come from Ukraine. Earlier this month, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin announced plans to test one of the heavy Angara rockets before the end of 2014.
Jim Sharkey is a lab assistant, writer and general science enthusiast who grew up in Enid, Oklahoma, the hometown of Skylab and Shuttle astronaut Owen K. Garriott. As a young Star Trek fan he participated in the letter-writing campaign which resulted in the space shuttle prototype being named Enterprise. While his academic studies have ranged from psychology and archaeology to biology, he has never lost his passion for space exploration. Jim began blogging about science, science fiction and futurism in 2004. Jim resides in the San Francisco Bay area and has attended NASA Socials for the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover landing and the NASA LADEE lunar orbiter launch.