Starliner ‘at-sea’ crew rescue training exercise performed
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — NASA and the Department of Defense conducted a search and rescue training exercise for Boeing’s Starliner spacecraft at the Army Wharf in Port Canaveral.
Using a boiler plate, specifically Boiler Plate 3, of Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner, NASA and the Department of Defense Human Space Flight Support (HSFS) Office Rescue Division performed a training exercise April 23, 2019. It was the first “at-sea” exercise with the spacecraft design.
More training over the coming days both at the Army Wharf and in the Atlantic Ocean is planned as the space agency and its commercial partners work toward the goal of sending humans into space from Florida before the end of 2019.
While the CST-100 Starliner is expected to return to Earth on land in the Western United States (using airbags to cushion its parachute-assisted landing), there is always the possibility of an off-nominal scenario of splashing down in the water because of an abort during launch.
NASA said the training exercise is an example of how the agency and its commercial partners are building safety into its systems, processes and procedures, adding it is “standard practice to conduct these exercises, and it was regularly done during the Space Shuttle Program.”
According to NASA, HSFS teams have supported all of NASA’s human spaceflight programs and will be on standby for Boeing’s Starliner and SpaceX’s Crew Dragon launches and landings as well as those for the space agency’s Orion missions.
“HSFS will complete a full mission profile to validate best practices for configuring and air-dropping U.S. Air Force Pararescue team members from a C-17 aircraft with their associated watercraft, specialized rescue equipment and advanced medical capabilities,” an April 17 NASA statement about the event reads.
NASA said HSFS conducted a similar exercise with SpaceX’s Crew Dragon in early December 2018.
Boeing is planning to fly its uncrewed Orbital Flight Test mission no earlier than August 2019 with a crewed flight sometime afterword, likely in early 2020.
A pad abort test is also planned by the company sometime this year.
SpaceX has already flown its Demo-1 uncrewed flight test. It was expected to perform an in-flight abort test this summer and a crewed Demo-2 mission in the early fall. However, because of the “anomaly” during an April 20, 2019, static fire test of the SuperDraco engines on a Crew Dragon spacecraft, its schedule is now uncertain.
The apparent explosion is thought to have destroyed the capsule used for the successful Demo-1 mission, which splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean on March 8, 2019. The company was planning to use that vehicle for the unpiloted in-flight abort test.
Boeing also had an issue with its abort system in mid-2018, which caused a significant delay in Starliner’s development.
Derek Richardson has a degree in mass media, with an emphasis in contemporary journalism, from Washburn University in Topeka, Kansas. While at Washburn, he was the managing editor of the student run newspaper, the Washburn Review. He also has a blog about the International Space Station, called Orbital Velocity.