Spaceflight Insider

NASA’s InSight lander completes thermal vacuum testing

NASA's Insight lander finishes its thermal vacuum test at Lockheed Martin's facility in Littleton, Colorado. Photo Credit: Lockheed Martin.

NASA’s InSight lander finishes its thermal vacuum test at Lockheed Martin’s testing facility in Littleton, Colorado. Photo Credit: Lockheed Martin.

The next robotic mission to Mars, NASA’s InSight lander, has undergone a thermal vacuum (TVAC) test to ensure it can survive the six-month journey to the Red Planet. The spacecraft is set to launch in May 2018.

InSight, which stands for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, is a stationary lander, much like the 2008 Phoenix spacecraft. In fact, much of the design is based on that successful mission. InSight is operated by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) but is being manufactured by Lockheed Martin.

The TVAC test, according to Lockheed Martin, is the most comprehensive test that can be performed on a fully assembled spacecraft before being launched. It involves using a depressurization chamber and will stress the design and assembly of the fully assembled vehicle. The goal, according to the company, is to validate the lander’s integrity and operational capability in a simulated space-like environment.

According to a Lockheed Martin press release on the test:

This milestone came after a long stream of rigorous tests including solar array deployments and electromagnetic interference and compatibility testing. With InSight coming out of TVAC, the team at Lockheed Martin has successfully completed the environmental testing phase and will be finalizing launch preparations over the coming months.

While InSight was originally scheduled to fly in 2016, troubles with one of the primary instruments – the French-built Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) – prompted NASA to postpone the launch of the mission to 2018. SEIS is designed to measure “Marsquakes” and other internal activity on the planet. The aim is to better understand the structure of Mars.

InSight is currently scheduled to launch atop an Atlas V rocket as early as May 5, 2018, from Vandenberg Air Force Base. It will mark the first interplanetary mission to start from the West Coast of the United States.

InSight being lifted inside the TVAC chamber. Photo Credit: Lockheed Martin

InSight is lifted inside the TVAC chamber. Photo Credit: Lockheed Martin



Derek Richardson has a degree in mass media, with an emphasis in contemporary journalism, from Washburn University in Topeka, Kansas. While at Washburn, he was the managing editor of the student run newspaper, the Washburn Review. He also has a blog about the International Space Station, called Orbital Velocity. He met with members of the SpaceFlight Insider team during the flight of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V 551 rocket with the MUOS-4 satellite. Richardson joined our team shortly thereafter. His passion for space ignited when he watched Space Shuttle Discovery launch into space Oct. 29, 1998. Today, this fervor has accelerated toward orbit and shows no signs of slowing down. After dabbling in math and engineering courses in college, he soon realized his true calling was communicating to others about space. Since joining SpaceFlight Insider in 2015, Richardson has worked to increase the quality of our content, eventually becoming our managing editor. @TheSpaceWriter

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