India launches HysIS satellite along with 30 co-passengers on PSLV-C43
At 9:58 a.m. Indian Standard Time (IST) on Thursday, November 29, 2018 (11:28 p.m. EST on Wednesday, November 28), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully delivered the HysIS imaging satellite, along with 30 smaller satellites, to a Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO) on flight PSLV-C43. The mission featured the 45th flight of the country’s indigenous Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), and lifted off from the First Launch Pad (FLP) at the Satish Dhawan Space Center.
The rocket was configured in its PSLV-CA, or “Core Alone,” variant – meaning that it was without the six supplemental solid rocket boosters (SRBs) – and was capable of delivering up to 2,400 pounds (1,100 kilograms) to an SSO with an altitude of 395 miles (636 kilometers), though only the HysIS satellite was delivered to that altitude. The 30 remaining satellites we delivered to a lower orbit at approximately 313 miles (500 kilometers) in altitude.
From liftoff to conclusion, the entire mission lasted less than two hours, and saw satellites from not only India, but also from the United States, Canada, Australia, Colombia, Malaysia, Finland, Spain, and the Netherlands share the ride to SSO with the HysIS imaging satellite. Indeed, customers from the United States accounted for 23 of the 31 payloads flown on PSLV-C43.
HySIS, short for Hyper Spectral Imaging Spectrometer, was the primary payload for PSLV-C43 and tipped the scales at 838 pounds (380 kilograms). The ISRO-designed, and Indian-made, satellite is set to study Earth’s surface in the visible, shortwave, and near infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, with a resolution of 98 feet (30 meters). The imaging satellite was based off the SARAL satellite bus, and has a design lifetime of at least five years.
PSLV-C43 marked ISRO’s sixth launch of 2018, with two more flights possible before the year closes.
Curt Godwin has been a fan of space exploration for as long as he can remember, keeping his eyes to the skies from an early age. Initially majoring in Nuclear Engineering, Curt later decided that computers would be a more interesting - and safer - career field. He's worked in education technology for more than 20 years, and has been published in industry and peer journals, and is a respected authority on wireless network engineering. Throughout this period of his life, he maintained his love for all things space and has written about his experiences at a variety of NASA events, both on his personal blog and as a freelance media representative.