Spaceflight Insider

China successfully launches ChinaSat-16 high-speed telecom satellite

China's Long March 3B/E lifts off the pad at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center to deliver the ChinaSat-16 telecommunications satellite to geostationary transfer orbit. Photo credit: Wei to via

China’s Long March 3B/E lifts off the pad at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center to deliver the ChinaSat-16 telecommunications satellite to geostationary transfer orbit. Photo credit: Wei to via

China successfully conducted its fourth launch of 2017 with the successful deployment of the ChinaSat-16 telecommunications satellite. Liftoff took place at 7:04 p.m. local time (11:04 GMT / 7:04 a.m. EDT) on April 12, 2017, from Launch Complex 2 at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center.


In a cloud of nitrogen tetroxide (N2O4) and unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) byproducts, the 185-foot (56.3-meter) tall Long March 3B/E – also known as the Chang Zheng-3B/G2 – heavy-lift rocket roared off the pad in southern China.

The first stage’s YF-21C engine, along with a single YF-25 engine in each of the four boosters, produced a combined 1.3 million pounds (5,923.2 kilonewtons) of sea-level thrust to lift the 1.02-million-pound (458,970 kilograms) rocket and its 10,141-pound (4,600 kilograms) ChinaSat-16 payload off the pad.

The four strap-on boosters burned through their propellant in 2 minutes, 20 seconds before being jettisoned. The core stage exhausted its fuel nearly 20 seconds later.

With its job complete, the first stage separated as the second stage’s YF-24E propulsion cluster, consisting of a single YF-22E engine and four YF-23C vernier thrusters, continued the job of delivering the satellite to orbit.

Consuming the same N2O4 and UDMH hypergolic propellants as the first stage, the second stage burned through its 108,900 pounds (49,400 kilograms) of fuel in just over three minutes.

Orbital operations

Now nearly six minutes into the flight, the third stage’s YF-75 engine ignited for the first time. The more efficient, liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen-fueled power plant delivered the satellite to an initial low-Earth orbit, then was later re-ignited to deliver the satellite to geosynchronous transfer orbit.

Now detached from the third stage, the ChinaSat-16 satellite will use its onboard electric propulsion system to raise its orbit to settle in its slot 22,236 miles (35,786 kilometers) above the equator at 110.5 degrees East longitude. ChinaSat-16 represents the country’s first indigenous satellite to use electric propulsion.

Once in position, the satellite will provide high-bandwidth (20 gigabits per second) communications to China’s rail and air passengers, and it will be a platform to test an experimental space-to-ground laser communication system.

China’s next launch, tentatively scheduled for some time in April 2017, is the uncrewed Tianzhou 1 cargo spacecraft. Set to launch atop a Long March 7, Tianzhou 1 autonomously rendezvous and dock with the country’s Tiangong 2 orbiting space laboratory a few days later. Among the capabilities being tested during this mission, the spacecraft will demonstrate an ability to transfer propellant in space.



Curt Godwin has been a fan of space exploration for as long as he can remember, keeping his eyes to the skies from an early age. Initially majoring in Nuclear Engineering, Curt later decided that computers would be a more interesting - and safer - career field. He's worked in education technology for more than 20 years, and has been published in industry and peer journals, and is a respected authority on wireless network engineering. Throughout this period of his life, he maintained his love for all things space and has written about his experiences at a variety of NASA events, both on his personal blog and as a freelance media representative.

Reader Comments

Congratulation! I hope china progress even further and make the nation proud! All the best!

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