ESA’s ExoMars rover named after Rosalind Franklin
The European Space Agency announced Feb. 7 that its ExoMars rover will be named Rosalind Franklin. The spacecraft is scheduled to launch along with a Russian stationary surface science platform in July 2020, arriving at the Red Planet, if all goes well, in March 2021.
Chosen by a panel of experts, the name was one of over 36,000 entries submitted by citizens of all 22 ESA member states. The winning name was revealed in the “Mars Yard” of Airbus Defence and Space in Stevenage, United Kingdom.
“This rover will scout the Martian surface equipped with next-generation instruments—a fully-fledged automated laboratory on Mars,” said ESA astronaut Tim Peake in a news release. “With it, we are building on our European heritage in robotic exploration, and at the same time devising new technologies.”
Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920-1958) was a British chemist and X-ray crystallographer whose work was essential to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal and graphite. The selection of her name for the ExoMars rover follows a long tradition of naming ESA mission after scientists, including Euclid, Newton and Planck, the space agency said.
“This name reminds us that it is in the human genes to explore,” said ESA Director General Jan Woerner. “Science is in our DNA, and in everything we do at ESA. Rosalind the rover captures this spirit and carries us all to the forefront of space exploration.”
The ExoMars rover is expected to carry a drill capable of boring 2 meters (about 6.56 feet) into the Martian surface. The rover is designed to then analyze soil samples using the four instruments of its on-board laboratory. Samples collected from beneath the surface are more likely to contain signs of past life, because the Martian atmosphere provides little protection from sunlight and harsh radiation at the surface.
The rover is expected to relay data to the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter spacecraft, which has been performing its science operations since March 2018, searching for small amounts of gases in the planet’s atmosphere that could provide clues about past or present biological activity on Mars.
A proposed landing site for the ExoMars rover was chosen in November 2018. Oxia Planum, a once water-rich area near the Martian equator that may have once supported microbial life, was chose by a group of experts from the Mars science community, industry and the ExoMars project. The proposal is currently undergoing internal review by ESA and Roscosmos with an official confirmation expected in mid-2019.
Video courtesy of ESA
Jim Sharkey is a lab assistant, writer and general science enthusiast who grew up in Enid, Oklahoma, the hometown of Skylab and Shuttle astronaut Owen K. Garriott. As a young Star Trek fan he participated in the letter-writing campaign which resulted in the space shuttle prototype being named Enterprise. While his academic studies have ranged from psychology and archaeology to biology, he has never lost his passion for space exploration. Jim began blogging about science, science fiction and futurism in 2004. Jim resides in the San Francisco Bay area and has attended NASA Socials for the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover landing and the NASA LADEE lunar orbiter launch.