Spaceflight Insider

NOAA GOES-R satellite modules mated by Lockheed Martin in preparation for launch

An artist's illustration of the GOES-R spacecraft in orbit above Earth. Image Credit: NOAA / NASA

The GOES-R Satellite System Module and Core Module subassemblies were successfully mated and now form the GOES-R spacecraft. This is an important milestone in the development of the satellite, as it merges together the elements that form both the “brain” and the “body” of the satellite that will be launched in early 2016. The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites – R Series (GOES-R) is the next generation of geostationary Earth-observing systems.

“Positioning these large modules together in such a precise manor is a challenging task,” said Tim Gasparrini, vice president and program manager for GOES-R at Lockheed Martin Space Systems. “Our team spent many hours modeling and analyzing the procedure in our virtual reality lab called the CHIL before tackling the mate in the cleanroom. This was a critical step in the integration of GOES-R and the team did an outstanding job.”

This process brings together these two primary subassemblies of the satellite before the GOES-R spacecraft begins environmental testing later this year. More than 70 electronics boxes mounted within the System Module provide the functionality to operate the spacecraft and its six instruments. The Core Module forms the main central structure of the satellite and carries the propellant needed to maneuver the spacecraft after it is separated from the launch vehicle and operational in geostationary orbit.

Photo Credit: Lockheed Martin / SpaceFlight Insider

Photo Credit: Lockheed Martin / SpaceFlight Insider

“The successful completion of the System and Core Module mate is a key benchmark for GOES-R as we press forward in the development of the spacecraft for launch,” according to Greg Mandt, NOAA system program director for the GOES-R Series Program. “So many members of our team have worked hard to make this milestone possible”

The system module of the A2100-based satellite houses more than 70 electronics boxes that comprise the three major electrical subsystems; command and data handling, communication, and electrical power. The propulsion core contains the integrated propulsion system and serves as the structural backbone of the satellite. The propulsion subsystem is essential for maneuvering the GOES-R satellite during transfer orbit to its final location, as well as conducting on-orbit repositioning maneuvers throughout its mission life.

With the mate successfully completed, the GOES-R Series Program team will move forward with the integration of the Earth Pointing Platform (EPP) onto the spacecraft. The EPP will support the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) and Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) instruments, as well as the star trackers and inertial measurement units used to precisely measure the attitude and location of the satellite in space.

The GOES-R Series will be more advanced than NOAA’s current GOES fleet. The satellites are expected to more than double the clarity of today’s GOES imagery and provide more atmospheric observations than current capabilities with more frequent images.

The advanced spacecraft and instrument technology on the GOES-R Series satellites will result in more timely and accurate weather forecasts for NOAA’s National Weather Service. It will improve support for the detection and observations of meteorological phenomena, including severe storms and hurricanes. The enhanced data from GOES-R will directly affect public safety, protection of property, and ultimately, our nation’s economic health and development.

NOAA manages the GOES-R Series Program through an integrated NOAA-NASA program office, located at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. NOAA’s mission is to understand and predict changes in Earth’s environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and to conserve and manage our coastal and marine resources.

Video courtesy of Lockheed Martin

This article originally appeared on SpaceFlight Partner website Astro Watch and can be viewed here: GOES-R

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Tomasz Nowakowski is the owner of Astro Watch, one of the premier astronomy and science-related blogs on the internet. Nowakowski reached out to SpaceFlight Insider in an effort to have the two space-related websites collaborate. Nowakowski's generous offer was gratefully received with the two organizations now working to better relay important developments as they pertain to space exploration.

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