Spaceflight Insider

Japanese billionaire named as 1st passenger to fly around Moon in SpaceX BFR

An artist's rendering of SpaceX's Big Falcon Spaceship (the upper part of the Big Falcon Rocket), flying by the Moon. Image Credit: SpaceX

An artist’s rendering of SpaceX’s Big Falcon Spaceship (the upper part of the Big Falcon Rocket), flying by the Moon. Image Credit: SpaceX

HAWTHORNE, Calif. — Japanese citizen Yusaku Maezawa has booked a journey to the Moon atop SpaceX’s yet-to-be-built Big Falcon Rocket and he wants to bring six to eight artists with him—for free.

The Sept. 17, 2018, announcement was made at the company’s headquarters and it marked another step in SpaceX’s quest to send people beyond Earth’s gravitational sphere of influence. Maezawa, a 42-year-old billionaire, has started an art project called #dearMoon. He is hoping to find up to eight artists and take them on a journey around the Moon as soon as 2023.

Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa. Photo Credit: Ashly Cullumber / SpaceFlight Insider

Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa. Photo Credit: Ashly Cullumber / SpaceFlight Insider

“Finally, I can tell you that I choose to go to the Moon!” Maezawa said after he walked onto the stage at SpaceX’s rocket factory in Hawthorne.

SpaceX is developing the 387-foot (118-meter) tall, fully reusable BFR as a successor to all of its rockets and spacecraft. The company is aiming to begin the first test “hops” sometime in late 2019 with the first full flights of the vehicle by the early 2020s.

During the announcement, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk said Maezawa is paying for a full BFR and has made a “significant” downpayment for a “non-trivial” amount of money. However, both Musk and Maezawa declined to disclose how much the Japanese billionaire is expected to spend.

“It’s a material percentage,” Musk said of the Maezawa’s financial contribution to the total development cost of the BFR, which is expected to range between $5 billion and $10 billion.

Maezawa is the 18th richest person in Japan, according to Forbes, with a net worth of 2.9 billion. He founded Zozotown, which is Japan’s largest fashion mall. The Japanese billionaire is also an art collector and the founder of Tokyo-based Contemporary Art Foundation, which opened in 2012.

He said he wants to take artists to the Moon in order to inspire humanity. During his presentation, he asked what famous artists would have created had they had the opportunity to view the Moon up close.

“If Pablo Picasso had been able to see the moon up-close, what kind of paintings would he have drawn? If John Lennon could have seen the curvature of the Earth, what kind of songs would he have written?” Maezawa asks on the #dearMoon website. “If they had gone to space, how would the world have looked today?”

A graphic of Yusaku Maezawa's planned trip around the Moon. Image Credit: SpaceX

A graphic of Yusaku Maezawa’s planned trip around the Moon. Image Credit: SpaceX

A long way still to go


The last organization to send humans to the Moon was NASA. The last of its Apollo missions to Earth’s nearest neighbor was achieved in December of 1972.

In terms of accomplishments, SpaceX is still at least a year away from achieving its objective of sending astronauts to low-Earth orbit (LEO) in its Crew Dragon spacecraft under NASA’s Commercial Crew Program.

The latest version of the BFR design. Image Credit: SpaceX

The latest version of the BFR design. Image Credit: SpaceX

Sending tourists to the Moon, even just a journey around the Moon without landing on its surface, would be a quantum leap beyond sending humans to LEO.

To accomplish this stunning milestone, the company is designing the BFR, which has an ultimate goal of facilitating the colonization of Mars.

To date, SpaceX has launched dozens of Falcon 9 rockets and has completed the inaugural flight of the Falcon Heavy variant of the rocket. The company stands alone in having the first stages of no fewer than 29 of those Falcon 9s return back to Earth (including a dual landing during the inaugural Falcon Heavy in February 2018).

Moreover, the company has sent a number cargo Dragon freighters to and from the International Space Station.

The Hawthorne, California-based company has developed a resume filled with commercial “firsts” that include the aforementioned Falcon first stage landings, the first commercially-produced spacecraft to travel to-and-from the International Space Station and more.

Musk has said that the BFR could be used to handle almost every sort of space mission that is currently conducted, as well as a few that have never been attempted before.

The full BFR is now expected to be 387 feet (118 meters) in length. Image Credit: SpaceX

The full BFR is now expected to be 387 feet (118 meters) in length. Image Credit: SpaceX

First announced in September 2016, the BFR has undergone several revisions. The most recent version calls for the vehicle to have a 180-foot (55-meter) long spaceship section that is 30 feet (9 meters) in diameter. Musk said it is designed to take 100 metric tons of payload to the surface of mars (after on-orbit refueling in LEO) inside a 35,000 cubic feet (1,000 cubic meter) pressurized volume.

A timeline for the Maezawa's lunar trip. Image Credit: #dearMoon

A proposed timeline for the Maezawa’s lunar trip. Image Credit: #dearMoon

The spaceship portion, which doubles as the BFR’s second stage, is now expected to have seven Raptor engines at its base and three landing legs. Two of those legs double as actuated fins. Additionally, there are two smaller actuated fins on the forward section of the ship.

The company is well into the process of building the first prototype. Musk said the first cylinder section of the BFR, which will be made with a carbon composite material, has been completed and dome and engines sections will be built soon.

Additionally, Raptor engine tests are continuing at the SpaceX’s test site in McGregor, Texas. However, much work still needs to be done to design, build, test and fly this giant rocket.

Maezawa said he hopes to work very closely with the SpaceX team between now and the planned launch. Meanwhile, he said he plans to search for and reach out to select artists to join him on his trip around the Moon.

“We all have the ability to dream dreams that have never been dreamt, to sing songs that have never been sung, to paint that which has never been seen before,” Maezawa said. “I hope that this project will inspire the dreamer within each of us.”

Ashly Cullumber and Jason Rhian contributed to this story.

Video courtesy of #dearMoon

 

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Derek Richardson has a degree in mass media, with an emphasis in contemporary journalism, from Washburn University in Topeka, Kansas. While at Washburn, he was the managing editor of the student run newspaper, the Washburn Review. He also has a blog about the International Space Station, called Orbital Velocity. He met with members of the SpaceFlight Insider team during the flight of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V 551 rocket with the MUOS-4 satellite. Richardson joined our team shortly thereafter. His passion for space ignited when he watched Space Shuttle Discovery launch into space Oct. 29, 1998. Today, this fervor has accelerated toward orbit and shows no signs of slowing down. After dabbling in math and engineering courses in college, he soon realized his true calling was communicating to others about space. Since joining SpaceFlight Insider in 2015, Richardson has worked to increase the quality of our content, eventually becoming our managing editor. @TheSpaceWriter

Reader Comments

It will be interesting to see how they will get it to the launch pad. It is taller than the Saturn V which was transported with the giant crawler. I can’t see joining those 2 giant parts outside, so they will need a crawler, or transport it horizontal and lift it at the pad like the Russians did. Hope no thunderstorm with high winds hit while it is moving or sitting on the pad because that 30 foot wide vehicle will generate a lot of force where it attaches at the bottom.
The large windows at the front will probably disappear in the real thing. That much thick glass will weigh a lot. Why do that?
The heat shield will be the biggest flight challenge. Stopping debris thrown up by the engine exhaust will be the biggest problem when landing on the Moon and Mars.

How does the bfr power itself? No solar arrays. What about radiation shielding?

The BFR is being built in a harbor for a purpose. The ship and the booster will be shipped to Cape Canaveral around North America through the Panama canal. It was considered as the cheapest and least problematic way

I hope it becomes reality and in the timeframe Musk stated, however, it has moon-pie in the sky all about it.

Bill Simpson – Yes it will be quite a sight to see how they prep for launch. In one of those SpaceX visionary videos I think there was a huge crane lifting the BFR onto its rocket. Note that so far for Falcon 9 they use horizontal payload integration, then truck it to the launch site and erect it there. But that would be quite a feat with such a huge vehicle as the BFR.
It’s obvious that Musk is not just a businessman but primarily an engineering problem solver, and has been building a team of excellent engineers. I have little doubt they will crack each challenge … eventually.

I am an Aerospace businessman. My company DIFINITY INC. buries people on outer space.We wish to send one of our business cards on this historic flight. Contact by email: difinityinc@gmail.com Jan Naftulin, CEO “Make History in the Future” ™

I have a theory . NASA is probably not investing a dime in BFR since it competes directly with their Great White Whale the SLS leviathan that may or may not ever fly a useful mission. I do feel NASA will have to buy flights on BFR once it goes fully operational at cadence.
In the meantime, Elon will gladlyt ake some other entities outside funding to help pay for development of the BFR. I postulate the Japanese billionaire s paying almost full price for his luxury cruise with his friends and a few cases of vintage Sake. I’m guessing this little jaunt will cost him $ 125 million give or take. What will an SLS launch cost ? — $ 1 billion minimum , not to mention they throw the whole thing away every time. Whose big friggin’ rocket pencils out ?
It’s just business, with a hefty PR value.

Go BFR . May your gestation be healthy and your life productive. The sooner the better…

Clarissa MacDougall

BFS powers itself in the same way the last two iterations have, deployable solar arrays.

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