ISS crew tackles advanced science, Tim Peake preps for marathon
After a busy month of visiting vehicle traffic, along with the addition of a new module to the International Space Station (ISS), the Expedition 47 crew is settling in for a period of nearly uninterrupted science and outpost maintenance.
This week, in particular, the crew spent a large amount of time working on advanced space science looking at the effects of long-term exposure to space. Additionally, Flight Engineer and British astronaut Tim Peake is planning on testing his endurance Sunday, April 24, when, from orbit, he plans to run the London Marathon.
Peake last ran a marathon in 1999—also the London Marathon—in just over 3 hours, 15 minutes. During the process of training for his stay on ISS, he practiced for the 26.2-mile (42.2-kilometer) race. Additionally, since launching to the station on Dec. 15 of last year, he has periodically done half-marathons on the T2 treadmill.
“I’ve always enjoyed running all my life; I’ve always enjoyed long-distance running,” Peake said.
Peake said his preferred long-distance run is about 6.2 miles (10 kilometers) and he does that about twice a week aboard ISS.
“Working out up here, at the end of the day, is a great thing to do,” Peake said, “We float around in all the tasks we do. Although we’re very, very busy up here, we’re not doing much physical work unless it’s something like a spacewalk. So, it’s nice, at the end of the day, to be able to get on the treadmill, to go onto our exercise machine, lift weights and do our strength training and keep ourselves in good shape. It’s very good for the psychological feeling as well and obviously maintaining our muscles and our bones for return to Earth.”
Throughout the week, plenty of science and cargo transfer occurred. On Monday, April 18, a specialized microscope was set up to study how particles behave at nanoscales. The Microchannel Diffusion experiment hopes to improve drug delivery and filtration technologies. Additionally, the Genes in Space study was set up. It arrived in the CRS-8 Dragon that was berthed earlier this month.
The crew also began to outfit the Japanese Kibo module with new gear to extend its external research capability, enabling payloads exposed to the vacuum of space to be moved and accessed with greater ease.
Tuesday focused on human research and life sciences. After being installed the day before, the Genes in Space study began. It is a student experiment that will study the link between DNA alterations and weakened immune systems caused by long-duration spaceflight.
The crew also performed a session of the Habitability experiment. They recorded a walk-through video documenting their observations of an area to provide insight relating to human factors. The goal is to understand the relationship between astronauts and their living environment so spacecraft designers can understand how much habitable volume is required on long-term missions.
With two U.S. cargo ships berthed to the outpost, the crew is in the process of distributing the cargo around the space station. U.S. Spacesuit 3011—the one that had water leak into the helmet during a spacewalk earlier in the year—was checked out and placed into the Dragon spacecraft for return to Earth.
Wednesday saw studies conducted to understand how bones and muscles weaken in microgravity. The Rodent Research-3 study was brought to the ISS via Dragon. Twenty mice are being observed by doctors in order to learn how to prevent muscle and bone atrophy. These “moustronauts” will return with the Dragon capsule on May 1.
Also occurring in the middle of the week was research on how plants sense gravity as well as how fluids shift in an astronaut’s body.
On Thursday, the Genes in Space experiment continued. Additionally, WetLab-2—also arriving with Dragon—began validation operations.
WetLab-2 is a hardware system that will measure gene expression of biological specimens in space and transmit the data back to Earth. Currently, life science in space happens slowly: a rocket brings the experiment up, an astronaut follows an experiment procedure and then sends samples back to Earth for analysis.
If any post-flight analysis shows that something unexpected occurred in space and more data is needed, a whole new experiment is designed and flown and the process is repeated. With WetLab-2, ribonucleic acid (RNA) can be extracted through a process called Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction. The RNA is then measured and the data sent down to Earth at the speed of light.
On Friday, ongoing experiments, such as the Sprint study, continued. Sprint looks to understand if high intensity, low volume exercise techniques can prevent bone and muscle loss. Additionally, the Energy experiment, which started on Thursday with astronauts attaching sensors to themselves, was on day two of a 10-day study to provide an assessment of an astronaut’s energy usage and metabolic rate in order to support crews on missions further away from Earth.
Video courtesy of NASA
Derek Richardson has a degree in mass media, with an emphasis in contemporary journalism, from Washburn University in Topeka, Kansas. While at Washburn, he was the managing editor of the student run newspaper, the Washburn Review. He also has a blog about the International Space Station, called Orbital Velocity. He met with members of the SpaceFlight Insider team during the flight of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V 551 rocket with the MUOS-4 satellite. Richardson joined our team shortly thereafter. His passion for space ignited when he watched Space Shuttle Discovery launch into space Oct. 29, 1998. Today, this fervor has accelerated toward orbit and shows no signs of slowing down. After dabbling in math and engineering courses in college, he soon realized his true calling was communicating to others about space. Since joining SpaceFlight Insider in 2015, Richardson has worked to increase the quality of our content, eventually becoming our managing editor. @TheSpaceWriter